Plants

Bamboo is a giant woody grass, and like other grasses it comes in running and clumping varieties. Running bamboo has very long underground rhizomes, and follows moisture. Clumping bamboo has short rhizomes and grows in one defined area, sometimes like a tree with many trunks. In other words, clumping bamboo does not spread, while running bamboo is more likely to; though here in the desert, running bamboo doesn't tend to roam very far, due to the hard, dry soil. You can therefore control where your runner grows by only providing water and good soil in a specific area. Our inventory is ever changing; please inquire via phone or email to check availability of these and other species. Click the arrows to see more pictures of each species or click on the photo to enlarge!

Running Bamboo

Arrow Bamboo

Pseudosasa japonica

This runner gets up to 18' tall with a cane slightly less than 3/4" in diameter. It is cold-hardy to about 0°F. The culms of this plant are very straight and the wood can be used to make arrows. It is slower to spread than most other runners.

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Beautiful Bamboo

Phyllostachys manni decora

This lovely runner grows to about 30' tall with a 1 3/4" diameter cane. It is cold-hardy to around -5°F and does well in the desert.

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Bissett's Bamboo

Phyllostachys bissettii ​

This running bamboo is extremely cold-hardy, able to survive down to 15° or 20° below 0°F, and would do well in high-elevation locations. Can get up to 40' tall in the desert with a 2" cane.

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Black Bamboo

Phyllostachys nigra

The canes of this large running bamboo start out green and become black as they age. Even after cutting and drying the wood, the canes will remain a deep black color!  It grows up to 30' tall on the West Coast but here in the Southwest desert it will likely only reach 25' with a 2" cane. Cold-hardy to 0°F. 

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Elegant Bamboo

Phyllostachys vivax

Large runner well suited to the desert. Can get up to 50-70' tall under ideal conditions. Thin walled canes make it good for musical instruments. Able to grow canes up to 5" in diameter and is cold-hardy to around 5°F. 

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Gleaming Blue Bamboo 

Phyllostachys glauca

This runner has beautiful blue powdery canes when young. This dreamy looking plant can get a 2" diameter cane and grow to 30'. It is cold-hardy to around 5°F. 

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Golden Bamboo 

Phyllostachys aurea

The plant is not actually golden, but a beautiful green, and it can grow 30' tall in the Southwest with a 2" cane. Like all runners, it is cold-hardy; to about 0°F. This species makes a particular form of compacted internode which makes it great for crafting walking sticks. 

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Golden Golden Bamboo 

Phyllostachys aurea 'Holochrysa'

This medium sized running bamboo features golden canes and a thin silver stripe on each leaf. It can get 25' tall, with canes around 2" in diameter. It is cold-hardy to around 0°F. 

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Gold Groove Bamboo

Phyllostachys aureosulcata 

When mature, this medium running bamboo grows golden stripes on its vibrant green canes. It gets about 25' tall with about a 1 1/2" diameter. Being a running bamboo, it is quite cold-hardy, to about -10°F, and will cover a lot of area quickly given the right conditions. 

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Gold Groove Golden Bamboo

Phyllostachys aurea flavecens inversa

The canes of this runner have a yellow stripe on every other internode, creating an interesting effect. Gets up to 30' tall with a 2" diameter cane. Cold-hardy to around 0°. 

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Grass Bamboo

Pleioblastus gramineus 

This running bamboo has narrow long leaves which give it a grass like appearance. It gets about 15' tall with a 5/8" cane, and is cold-hardy to 10°F. Not edible.

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Green Groove Bamboo

Phyllostachys aureosulcata spectabilis

The golden poles on this runner feature beautiful green stripes. It gets about 25' tall with a 1.5" cane, and is cold-hardy to around -10°F.  Some canes form a series of right angles as they grow, making for an interesting appearance. 

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Green Striped Red Temple

Semiarundinaria yashadake kimmei

This runner has yellow canes with a green stripe and yellow striped leaves. It is a unique looking plant, and can grow to around 25' with a 1.5" cane. It is cold-hardy to about 0°F. 

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Green Temple

Semiarundinaria fastuosa viridis 

This runner has characteristic short bushy branches, making it a good windbreak. It grows to around 30' tall with a 1.5" cane. It is cold-hardy to below -10°F. 

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Humble Bamboo

Phyllostachys humilis

This small running bamboo only gets about 10’ tall, making it unique among the runners. It is cold-hardy to 0°F, the canes get about 1" in diameter, and can get 10' tall. This species would be great for providing a low hedge.

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Incense Bamboo

Phyllostachys atrovaginata/congesta

This runner is a very good species for eating the shoots. It can grow to around 25' with a 2 1/4" diameter cane, and is cold-hardy to around -15°F. 

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Mahogany Rose Temple

Semiarundinaria makinoi 

This runner features green or rose colored canes which turn mahogany when mature. It is cold-hardy to -5°F! It has straight, strong canes and short, bushy branches, making it great for a visual screen. Smaller than other temples, it only gets 16' tall with a 1" cane.

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Medake Bamboo

Pleioblastus simonii

This running bamboo grows very straight culms which makes it useful as a building material. It grows to around 20' tall with a 1.5" cane and is cold-hardy to around 0°F.

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Narihira Temple 

Semiarundinaria fastuosa Narihira 

This medium-sized runner has short and bushy branches, which tend to go all the way down to the base of the cane. The older canes will develop a red tinge, but for the most part the plant is a vibrant green. It is cold-hardy t0 -5°F, and can grow to 30' with a 1.5" cane.

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Nude Sheath Bamboo

Phyllostachys nuda

  

This runner grows to about 35' tall with a

1 3/4" diameter cane. It is very cold-hardy, able to withstand temperatures down to -20°F. 

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River cane

Arundinaria gigantea

River Cane is a bamboo which is native to the United States. It once covered the entire southeast part of the country! It can get about 20' tall with a 1" diameter cane, and is cold-hardy down to -10°F.  

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Shiroshima Bamboo

Hibanobambusa tranquilans Shiroshima

This beautiful runner has unique large green and white variegated leaves and only grows 7-14' tall, making it one of the smallest running bamboos. This species prefers plenty of shade, and would look gorgeous next to a small pond or waterfall! It is cold-hardy to 0°F.

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Stone bamboo

Phyllostachys angusta

This running bamboo is named for its extremely strong wood, making it especially good for crafting, building, or furniture projects which require sturdy canes. It also makes for a great living screen between you and your neighbors! It gets about 20' with a 1" diameter cane and is cold-hardy to 0°F.

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Striped Golden Bamboo

Phyllostachys aurea koi

This beautiful plant features golden canes with green stripes on alternate internodes. It is cold-hardy to 0°F and perfect for planting in high elevation gardens or during the winter months. It gets around 25' tall with a 1.5" cane. 

Clumping Bamboo

Alphonse Karr

Bambusa multiplex "Alphonse Karr"

Medium sized hedge bamboo with beautiful golden canes with green pinstripes. The canes can be pink, green, and yellow when young and turn yellow with a green stripe as they mature. It can get 20' tall with a 1 1/2" diameter in Arizona and is hardy to 12°F.

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Asian Lemon 

Bambusa eutuldoides viridivitatta

Medium sized clumping bamboo. The bright canes of the Asian Lemon feature green and yellow shapes resembling watercolor painting,

accented by deep green stripes. It can get 30' to 40' tall here in Arizona with a diameter of 2 1/2". This species is cold-hardy to about 13°F. 

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Balcooa

Bambusa balcooa

Giant semi-tropical clumper. The tallest growing species in the desert; it gets about 50'-80' tall under ideal conditions, with twisted 3-6" diameter canes. New shoots are strikingly multicolored. This species is hardy to 18°F.

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Betung Hitam

Dendrocalamus asper ‘Black’

Giant tropical clumper with fuzzy black canes and large leaves. May reach 50' in Arizona. Prefers to be grown in partial shade in the desert climate. This species is not cold-hardy; will only toelrate a few degrees of freezing. Will likely need protection in the Sonoran desert winter, as it can only get down to 23°F. 

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Buddha's Belly

Bambusa ventricosa 

 

Large, umbrella shaped clumping bamboo.  Dark green canes grow in a dense clump, forming a privacy screen around 50' tall with 2" canes in Arizona. Forms a graceful canopy and is excellent for a windbreak or dust screen near a road. Hardy to 15°F.

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Chinese Goddess

Bambusa multiplex riviereorum

Small, bushy clumping bamboo. This unusual species has small leaves and 1/3" canes that arch attractively. This variety is excellent for growing in a planter as it only gets 6' tall, and would be good for creating instant privacy on a patio or balcony. Hardy to 12°F.

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Dragon's Nest

Bambusa dissimulator

This assertive clumper has very long branches and can be used to create an impenetrable barrier. Can get 50' in the desert with 3" diameter canes. Hardy to 15°F.

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Dwarf Alphonse Karr

Bambusa multiplex ‘Eddie Goedell Alphonse Karr’

Small hedge bamboo with beautiful golden canes with green pinstripes. The canes can be pink, green, and yellow when young and turn yellow as they mature. It can grow to around 8'-10' tall with a 1" diameter cane in Arizona. Hardy to 12°F.

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Greenstripe Blowpipe

Bambusa dolichomerithalla 'greenstripe'

This medium sized clumping bamboo grows to around 35' and has a tropical appearance due to its large leaves, but is cold hardy to around 15°F! It features beautiful yellow canes with green pinstripes that can get 2" in diameter. 

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Giant Timber

Bambusa oldhamii

An Arizona favorite for providing a tall hedge. This giant clumper can grow to 55' or more with 4+" diameter canes. Tall and straight with medium to large leaves. Strong canes good for building. Shoots prized for eating. Hardy to 15°F.

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Giant Weaver's (Royal Kanapaha)

Bambusa textilis Kanapaha (Wong Chuk)

Giant clumper with regal posture. This species thrives in rich soil and can reach up to 50' and 4" in diameter. Cold-hardy to the low teens.

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Golden Goddess 

Bambusa multiplex 'Golden Goddess'

This clumping bamboo is great for creating a medium sized hedge and is a favorite among Arizona gardeners. It can get 8'-12' tall and is cold hardy to about 12°F. Its finger-sized canes grow into a bright golden color which contrasts nicely with its vibrant green leaves!

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Graceful Bamboo

Bambusa textilis gracilis

This medium clumping bamboo has a slender form and bright green leaves. This species gets about 30' tall here in Arizona, and it is cold-hardy for a clumping bamboo, surviving down to about 13°F. The canes get around 1 1/4" in diameter.

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Punting Pole 

Bambusa tuldoides

This large clumper with bright green leaves can grow anywhere between 25' and 55' tall. It has slightly longer underground rhizomes connecting the canes than a typical clumper, and thus a grove of Punting Pole can, in many ways, resemble a grove of running bamboo. Hardy to 15°F. Canes grow to 2 1/4". 

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Sea Breeze

Bambusa malingensis

Large, dense clumping bamboo with very strong wood. Has a graceful umbrella shape for providing excellent shade. Grows to approximately 35' in the desert. Hardy to 15°F. Canes grow to 2 1/2" in diameter. 

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Silverstripe Blowpipe 

Bambusa dolichomerithalla 'silverstripe’

This medium clumper has straight, slender, dark green canes with a subtle silver stripe. Canes grow up to 2" in diameter. Can get about 35' tall. Hardy to 15°F. 

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Silverstripe Hedge 

Bambusa multiplex 'silverstripe'

This is the largest of the hedge bamboos and can get 25' in the Sonoran desert. It has striking variegated leaves which stand out glowingly against its dark green canes. Hardy to 12°F, with canes that grow up to 1 1/2".

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Striking Bamboo

Bambusa sp.

This very rare "dwarf giant" has short, fat canes that can get 2" in diameter and grow 25' tall with a pleasing, compact, vertical form. Can withstand temperatures down to about 15°F. 

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Tiny Fern

Bambusa multiplex 'Tiny Fern'

This charming miniature bamboo resembles a tiny grove; reaching a maximum of 4' tall with canes 1/8" in diameter. Tiny leaves create a fern -like appearance. Dense habit is excellent for patio screening, and this variety is perfect for growing in a planter. Hardy to 12°F.

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Looking for another species? Please inquire by phone or email as we may have other species available. 

All text and photos © 2003-2021 by Bamboo Ranch, Tucson Arizona.

Website design and photos by Ariel Finstrom.